Hip Hop as an Agent for Health and Wellbeing in Schools

A Narrative Synthesis of Existing Research


  • Alexander Hew Dale Crooke Creative Arts Therapies Research Unit, The University of Melbourne
  • Rachael Comte
  • Cristina Moreno Almeida




hip hop, student wellbeing, hip hop interventions, school programs, narrative synthesis


Hip Hop culture has shown an increasing presence in mainstream schooling over the last 15 years. This presence has taken many forms, including extracurricular programs, pedagogical tools, and whole-school approaches to student learning and development. Yet, discourse explicitly exploring the use of Hip Hop to facilitate wellbeing outcomes in schools remains limited. To explore the state of current research at this particular intersection, this paper presents a narrative synthesis of 22 research articles reporting on the use of Hip Hop interventions for wellbeing in school settings. Results indicated a growing rate of published research articles in this area, focusing health promotion for underprivileged students of colour in urban US settings, and the need for more methodologically sound research which critically engages with socio-political contexts. Nevertheless, important benefits were reported across studies, demonstrating the value of Hip Hop in promoting across the physical, social and mental wellbeing.



How to Cite

Crooke, A. H. D., Comte, R., & Moreno Almeida, C. (2020). Hip Hop as an Agent for Health and Wellbeing in Schools: A Narrative Synthesis of Existing Research. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.15845/voices.v20i1.2870