Video-based Reflective Practice (VRP)
Photo of author Sekyung Jang

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music therapy
reflective practice
student development

How to Cite

Jang, S. (2022). Video-based Reflective Practice (VRP). Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 22(1).


Various forms of reflective practice, including journal writing and self-experiences, have been explored in music therapy. However, there is limited literature on practical methodologies that articulate how to reflect on sessions. The author introduces a practical methodology that guides the process of reflective practice in music therapy clinical training. The methodology includes self-observation through video-recorded sessions, a set of questions designed for self-assessment, evaluation of clinical situations of trainee identified areas, and identification of strengths, weaknesses, and future action plans. This framework has implications in music therapy education and training in that it (a) supports students and practicum supervisors with practical guidelines about how to reflect on sessions; (b) may facilitate student growth and development through self-directed learning and acknowledgement of strengths and working points; and (c) provides a cognitive framework that may help develop metacognition skills which are crucial components of learning during and post clinical training.

Copyright (c) 2022 Sekyung Jang

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