Exploring the Use of Hip Hop-Based Music Therapy to Address Trauma in Asylum Seeker and Unaccompanied Minor Migrant Youth
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Keywords

Trauma
Hip Hop
Asylum Seekers
Youth

How to Cite

Gulbay, S. (2021). Exploring the Use of Hip Hop-Based Music Therapy to Address Trauma in Asylum Seeker and Unaccompanied Minor Migrant Youth. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.15845/voices.v21i3.3192

Abstract

There are numerous young asylum seekers and unaccompanied migrant minors around the globe. A comprehensive literature review revealed that post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common disorder that affects the asylum seeker youth and migrant minor populations. Many of these individuals struggle with PTSD and show resilience in their daily lives while also learning, discovering, and surviving. Accordingly, therapeutic interventions directed to them must be trauma-informed, phased, engaging, empowering, and impactful to support the needs of these young people. A seven-month-long music therapy intervention experience that was applied to young asylum seekers in Spain, and found that the most effective intervention tools were Hip Hop Therapy-related interventions. This study resulted in a new intervention model, The Integral Hip Hop Methodology. This paper highlights the importance that intervention models be engaging and considerate to the necessities and preferences of the addressed population and presents The Integral Hip Hop Methodology as an example.

Japanese abstract:

亡命希望者や同伴者のいない未成年移民の若者のトラウマに対処するための

ヒップホップをベースとした音楽療法の可能性について

サリフ グルベイ

 

要約

世界中に、多くの若い亡命希望者や同伴者のいない移民が存在する。包括的文献のレビューによれば、心的外傷後ストレス障害(PTSD)が亡命希望者の若者と未成年の移民に影響を与える最も一般的な疾患であることが明らかになった。彼らの多くはPTSDに苦しみながらも、日々の生活の中で、レジリエンスを発揮しながら何かを学び、発見しながら生き抜いている。したがって、彼らに対する治療的介入は、これら若者のニーズをサポートするためにトラウマを考慮し、段階を追え、興味を引き、力を与えるようなインパクトのあるものであることが必要だった。

スペインの亡命希望の若者に7か月間音楽療法の介入をしたところ、最も効果的な介入ツールはヒップホップ関連の介入であることがわかった。この研究から新しい介入モデル、「統合的ヒップホップ法(インテグラル ヒップホップ メソード)」が生まれた。本稿では、介入モデルが対象となる人々の必要性や嗜好を考慮し魅力的なものであることの重要性を強調しており、その一例として「統合的ヒップホップ法」を紹介しています。

 

キーワード:トラウマ、ヒップホップ、亡命希望者、若者

https://doi.org/10.15845/voices.v21i3.3192
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Copyright (c) 2021 Salih Gulbay

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