Theoretical Perspectives and Therapeutic Approaches in Music Therapy with Families
Photo cluster of the four authors Kirsi Tuomi, Grace Thompson, Tali Gottfried, and Esa Ala-Ruona

Supplementary Files

Appendix 1


music therapy
family work

How to Cite

Tuomi, K., Thompson, G., Gottfried, T., & Ala-Ruona, E. (2021). Theoretical Perspectives and Therapeutic Approaches in Music Therapy with Families. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 21(2).


Music therapists have described the importance of working collaboratively with family members in various populations throughout the history of the profession. Despite the growing amount of literature, not enough is known regarding the scope of theoretical perspectives and therapeutic approaches that guide family centered music therapy. The aim of this international survey study was to better understand the professional perspectives and approaches of music therapists who work with families around the world. This article presents the results of the survey where a total of 125 responses were analysed. Participants’ responses indicated that music therapy with families is well established as an important field of practice that includes a large range of populations across the life span. Music therapists working with families emphasise that the work is holistic and flexible, both in terms of the theoretical approaches that inform their work and the methods/techniques that are included in sessions. The participants in this study advocated for more continuing professional development opportunities to further deepen and develop their practice. In addition, the survey data offers priorities and recommendations for future research.

Copyright (c) 2021 Kirsi Tuomi, Grace Thompson, Tali Gottfried, Esa Ala-Ruona

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