Rosemyriam Cunha

Musicking Together: Affective, Cognitive and Physical Aspects of a Music Therapy Group Work

Rosemyriam Cunha


The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe and discuss the affective, cognitive, and physical events that occur when people gather to make music. Using a theoretical framework derived from community music therapy and sociology of music, this work focuses on the experiences and perceptions of five women who participated in music therapy group work. Structured observation was used to register the participants’ affective, cognitive, and physical manifestations during the group work. Results suggested that music therapy collective music making stimulated participants to interact and develop different forms of feeling, thinking, and acting. Making music together encouraged participants to think about their feelings, roles, and judgments, reflecting that the collective experience promoted positive changes in their lives.


music therapy, affective, cognitive and physical aspects of group musical practice, collective music making

Full Text:



American Dance Therapy Association. (n.d.). What is dance/movement therapy? Retrived from

Arndt, A., Cunha, R., & Volpi, S. (2016). Aspectos da prática musicoterapêutica: Contexto social e comunitário em perspectiva. [Aspects of music therapy practice: Social and community context in perspective]. Psicologia e Sociedade, 28, 387-395,

Balgaonkar, A. V. (2010). Effect of dance/motor therapy on the cognitive development of children. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3, 54-72,

Bauer, M., Gaskell, G., & Allum, N. (2002). Qualidade, quantidade e interesses do conhecimento-evitando confusões. [Quality, quantity and interests of knowledge-avoiding confusion]. In M. Bauer & G. Gaskell (Eds.), Pesquisa qualitativa com texto, som e imagem (pp. 17-36). Petrópolis, RJ: Vozes.

Biancalana, G. R. (2016). Os corpos que dançam suas vozes. [Bodies that danced their voices]. Revista Brasileira de Estudos da Presença, 6(1), 30-46,

Blacking, J. (1995). Music, culture and experience. In R. Byron (Ed.), Selected papers of John Blacking (pp. 12-51). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Cunha, R., & Lorenzino, L. (2012). The secondary aspects of collective music-making. Research Studies in Music Education, 43(1), 73-88,

Curtis, S. (2013). Sorry it has taken so long: Continuing feminist dialogues in music therapy. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 13(1),

Curtis, S. (2015). Feminist music therapists in North America: Their lives and their practices. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 15(2),

Freire, P. (2005). Pedagogia do oprimido [Pedagogy of the oppressed]. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: Paz e Terra.

Gaston, E. T. (1968). Tratado de musicoterapia [Music in therapy]. Buenos Aires, Arg: Paidos.

Hallam, S. (2016). The impact of actively making music on the intellectual, social and personal development of children and young people: A summary. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 16(2),

Kasznar, I., & Gonçalves K. ( 2014). Técnicas de agrupamento clustering [Grouping and clustering technics]. Revista científica e tecnológica Institutional business consultoria internacional -IBICI. Retrieved from

Laranjeira, C. D. (2015). Tonic states as the basis of bodily states in dialogue with the creative dance process. Revista Brasileira Estudos da Presença, 5(3), 596-621,

Leinig, C. (1977). Tratado de musicoterapia [Treaty of music therapy]. São Paulo, SP: Sobral.

Martin, P. (1995). Sounds and society. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

Pavlicevic, M. (2006). Groups in music: Strategies from music therapy. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Pavlicevic, M., & Ansdell, G. (Eds.). (2004). Community music therapy. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Ruud, E. (1998). Music Therapy: improvisation, communication and culture. Gislum, NH: Barcelona Publishers.

Santos, M. (2006). A natureza do espaço. Técnica e tempo. Razão e emoção [The nature of the Technic and time. Reason and emotion]. São Paulo, Brasil: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo.

Sloboda, J. (2008). A mente musical: Psicologia cognitiva da música [The musical mind. The cognitive psychology of music]. Londrina, PR: EDUEL.

Stige, B. (2002). Culture-centered music therapy. Gislum, NH: Barcelona Publishers.

Stige, B. (2003). Elaborations toward a notion of community music therapy. Oslo, Norway: University of Oslo.

Stige, B. (2006). Community music therapy. Culture, care and welfare. In M. Pavlicevic & G. Ansdell (Eds.), Community music therapy (pp. 91-113). London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Stige, B., & Aarø, L. E. (2012). Invitation to community music therapy. New York, NY: Routledge, 2012.

Small, C. (1998). Musicking. The meanings of performance and listening. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

Trochim, W. (2006, October 20). Research methods knowledge base. Retrieved from

Turino, T. (2008). Music as social life: The politics of participation. Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy (ISSN 1504-1611)