Hiroko Kimura and Yumi Nishimoto

Choirs in Two Countries — A Study of Community Music Therapy for the Older Adults in Norway and Japan

Hiroko Kimura, Yumi Nishimoto


Modern music therapy first developed in western countries and has now spread throughout the world. This research focuses on how Japanese culture affects the implemention of Community Music Therapy (CoMT), by comparing the results of questionnaires carried out with groups of older adults in Norway and Japan. The results showed a small difference in terms of opinions expressed but significant cultural differences in the process of answering the questions set to them, which may be derived from individualistic and collectivistic cultural elements. The results are considered under five headings in the discussion section: Basic cultural difference, Self-expression, Internal relationships, Sense of community, and Role of music. We conclude that although CoMT has an important role in the social involvement of older adults regardless of cultures, cultural differences should be taken carefully into consideration.


community music therapy; older adults; choir activity; culture; music sentence completion task; collectivism; individualism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15845/voices.v17i1.860


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