Anna Johnson Ward

Music Therapy Interventions for Deaf Clients with Dual Diagnosis

Anna Johnson Ward


The current music therapy literature addresses the use of music with the Deaf population, particularly those with cochlear implants. However, few studies or descriptions of music therapy with Deaf individuals who are dually diagnosed with an emotional or behavioral disorder and an intellectual disability have been conducted. Given that music therapy has been found to be an effective intervention for both Deaf individuals and individuals with emotional or behavioral needs, ideas and resources for music therapists working with this population are needed. These case examples provide a description of music therapy for individuals who were dually diagnosed in a residential mental health facility. Music therapy experiences and their effectiveness for Deaf patients with dual diagnoses are presented as well as cultural aspects of music within the Deaf community and their implications for creating music therapy interventions.


Deaf; language-dysfluency; vibrotactile feedback; music therapy; mental health; dual diagnosis; intellectual disability

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Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy (ISSN 1504-1611)