Review of Adrian Dunn's The Black Messiah


  • Kennedi A. Johnson Indiana University, USA



The Black Messiah album is a sonic meditation on Black life that confronts the histories of anti-Black racism in the U.S. Showcasing a powerful group of Black artists, the album combines multiple genres including gospel, rap, jazz and opera. The Black Messiah offers a counter to George Handel’s Messiah and a timely response to the Black Lives Matter protests of summer 2020.

Author Biography

Kennedi A. Johnson, Indiana University, USA

Kennedi's Johnson is 4th year PhD student in Ethnomusicology with a PhD minor in African American and African Diaspora Studies at Indiana University—Bloomington. Her present interests can be broadly listed as Black feminisms, education/critical pedagogy, and sound studies. Her current research centers around the ways in which race and gender are perceived sonically in the United States. More specifically, she looks at how the (mis)hearings of Black girls/femmes as sassy, angry, or disrespectful impede their learning in the US school system.

Picture of author Kennedi A. Johnson



How to Cite

Johnson, K. A. (2021). Review of Adrian Dunn’s The Black Messiah. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 21(1).